Bharat 6G project. India plans to roll out high-speed internet by 2030

India is set to launch high-speed 6G communications services by 2030 and has set up the Bharat 6G project to identify and fund research and deployment of the next-generation technology in the country, according to a vision document released by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Modi Wednesday.

India’s 6G project will be implemented in two phases, and the government has also appointed an apex council to oversee the project and focus on issues such as standardization, identification of spectrum for 6G use, creation and identification of an ecosystem for devices and systems. finance for research and development, among other things.

While technically 6G doesn’t exist today, it has been touted as a much more advanced technology, promising internet speeds up to 100 times faster than 5G.

The Supreme Council will promote and fund research and development, design and development of 6G technologies by Indian start-ups, companies, research bodies and universities. It will aim to enable India to become a leading global provider of intellectual property, products and affordable 6G telecom solutions and identify priority areas for 6G research based on India’s competitive advantage.

The main focus of the council will be new technologies such as Terahertz communication, radio interface, tactile Internet, artificial intelligence for connected intelligence, new coding methods and chipsets for 6G device waveforms.

“We are talking about 6G within 6 months after the introduction of 5G technology,” said the Prime Minister. According to him, this shows the confidence of the country. “Before 4G, India was only a user of telecom technology, but now India is fast moving to become a major exporter of telecom technology,” he added.

Modi officially launched 5G services in October 2022 and said at the time that India should be ready to launch 6G services in the next 10 years. Unlike 5G, which can offer internet speeds of up to 10 Gbps at its peak, 6G promises to offer ultra-low latency at speeds of up to 1 Tbps.

According to the vision document, 6G use cases will include remote factories, self-driving cars that communicate constantly, and smart wearables directly from human senses. However, while 6G promises growth, it must also be balanced with sustainability, as most communications devices supporting 6G will be battery-powered and may have a significant carbon footprint, the paper said.

As part of its 6G mission, India will identify priority areas for research involving all stakeholders, including industry, academia and service providers, including theoretical and simulation studies, proof-of-concept prototypes and demonstrations and early market interventions through startups, the vision document said. : .

The 6G project is proposed to be implemented in two phases, the first from 2023 to 2025 and the second from 2025 to 2030. The first phase will support exploratory ideas, risk pathways and proof-of-concept tests. Ideas and concepts that show promise and potential from a global peer community will receive adequate support to bring them to completion, establish their use cases and benefits, and build IPs and testbeds leading to Phase 2 commercialization.

The vision document also says the government should explore the overall use of spectrum, especially in higher frequency bands for 6G. Re-evaluation and rationalization of congested spectrum bands and adoption of captive networks for Industry 4.0 and enterprise use cases should also be undertaken.

“Open up several bands to generate demand (eg 450-470 MHz, 526-612 MHz, 31-31.3 GHz, etc.),” ​​the document recommends. “Expand and deploy a larger midband to meet the demands of 5G+ and 6G technologies. This requires a new inter-agency process to be initiated to transform several groups, as has been done in the past,” he added.

To fund research and innovation on 6G, the document proposed a corpus of Rs 10,000 crore to facilitate various funding instruments such as grants, loans, VC fund, fund of funds etc. over the next 10 years. “Two levels of grants are proposed, i.e. up to Rs 20 crore for maintenance funding requirements ranging from small to medium and above Rs 20 crore for high impact projects,” the document said.

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